Caliph al-Ma'mun in the Great Pyramid - part 3

Written by Ralph Ellis on .

Here then, we have clear evidence that a movable entrance stone was fitted to the Great pyramid, and that the descending passage had been visited, perhaps many times, throughout recorded history. To gain entry to the pyramid, however, was still not easy. Unless there was a flight of steps cut into the now-missing casing blocks, a series of ladders would have to be erected against the side of the pyramid to reach the door.

Presumably the entry stone must have had a handle of some sort on which to pull, and it would then need a prop of some nature to keep it open, while the new initiate scrambled into the thin hole and down the descending passage. A knotted rope would also have to be fed slowly down the length of the passage, to allow for an easy exit from the dark and foreboding depths of the sacred pyramid.

Undoubtedly, all of this frenetic activity would have scratched and pitted the entrance to the pyramid over the millennia in a very obvious fashion. Yet, it is generally accepted that the casing blocks must have been intact during the rule of Ma'mun, as the casing blocks appear to have been used by Sultan Hasan for the construction of his mosque in 1356.

The Great Pyramid - too many questions

The question is, therefore, why could Ma'mun not see these tell-tale marks and the original entrance to the pyramid that lay only a few meters above him?

  • Why could he not see the handle on the door, or the scuff-marks on the smooth exterior?
  • And knowledge of the location of the true entrance must still have been known in this era, so why could none of the locals be ‘persuaded’ to point it out?

And this apparent invisibility of the original entrance could not have been because it was covered by sand, for instance, because Ma'mun’s tunnel lies below the level of the real entrance. So what was the problem?

  • Why so was much effort expended in digging a new tunnel, when the original entrance lay just above it? 

Some very important questions have been posed here:

  • Why could Ma'mun not see the real entrance to the Great Pyramid, when it was so well known and so close to his own entrance?
  • And if Ma'mun did not know where the real entrance was, then why was his alternative tunnel so accurate?
  • But if the original entrance was known about, then how did Ma'mun discover the ascending passage, which had been carefully concealed when the pyramid was first built?

Source: Ancient Origins

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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