Overview of the gods of Egypt

Written by Felgr Pavel on .


Divine family legend

In the beginning, there was Atum, the sun, who created himself, when he stepped out from ancient waters Nun. Then Atum created Shu (god of air) and Tefnut (goddess of moisture). She separated sky and earth and gave birth to Nut (goddess of sky and heaven) and Geb (god of earth).

Nut and Geb gave birth to their sons (Osiris and Seth) and daughters (Isis and Nephtys). Osiris became the first Pharaoh. Together with Isis he ruled wisely and peacefully, he taught people reclaim the soil, bake bread and build the towns. He gave them laws and conscience to differentiate the good and the evil.

But cruel Seth wanted the throne and he murdered his brother, chopped his body to pieces and dissipated them into Nile. However, Isis refused to stoop before Seth. She collected the pieces of her husband and with the help of god Anubis (the first, who did embalming) put them together. Then Isis transformed to a falcon, was fertilized by Osiris and Horus was born.

Isis brought him up in seclusion in Nile Delta swamplands. When the god grew up, he decided to get back his legitimate inheritance and revenge his father's death. Horus challenged Seth to a duel, won and ruled the country from this time. Revived Osiris went to the darkness kingdom and he became the king of underworld.

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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