Heliopolis - Ra's city

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Heliopolis was a religious centre of Egypt for a long time. It was right there where were main ideas of Ra's learning created. Platon and other philosophers stayed in Heliopolis in 5. century B.C. to learn Egyptian knowledge. This religious centre did probably still exist in Predynastic period. It was the capital city of homonymic Upper Egypt Nome and according to archaeologists was the city rebuilt in 47. year of Thuthmosis III. rule.


Only the obelisk 20,7 meters high was preserved till recent days. The 12. dynasty monarch Senusret I. let it set up and the obelisk stands on a concrete pedestal in the middle of little museum-like garden today. There is the same lettering inscribed on all four obelisk's walls in one single strip. It is king's titling on it and it mentions obelisk's set up for royal jubilee occasion.

House of the sun

Even if there's nothing preserved from Ra's cathedral to these days, the Egyptologist could rebuild it thanks to noteworthy document from Turin's museum. There is precise temple ground plan on an limestone board from Amenhotep II. rule time.

Heliopolis' temple let Senusret I. build and it had a traditional ground plan - three consecutive pylons followed by a sanctuary. The entrance of the temple sacred to Hathor-Nebethetep was from the first patio. A temple named "willow straightening chapel" was situated in second patio. Through the third pylon led the enter to an open-air sanctuary named "Atum's sycamore manor".

The city was on the decline under Ptolemaic dynasty rule, because the most precious subjects were carried away to the new centre - Alexandria.


Obelisks in Heliopolis

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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