Several myths about world creation from ancient Egypt preserved to these days. Every bigger religious centre had its own theory about creation, the differences were in creator, who was self-born and at first he created other gods and goddesses and then the mankind. Single deities in the stories are connected to geographical areas where the myths developed. It is not possible to define which of the myths was the most widespread in its times.
Myth about creation from Memphis
Ptah was self-born creator, who was called "Father of gods, whom all the life germinated of". Ptah created the universe via all its aspects projection to his heart and then expressed his ideas aloud. At first he created other gods and then the cities with sanctuaries, where they began to live. He provided wooden, earthen and rocky statues as bodies for the spirit or divine power (ka) of these gods and arranged sacrifices for them forever. All the things and people developed when Ptah just pronounced their names.
Myth about creation from Elephantine
Khnum, the god with the head of a ram from south cataract area, was considered as the creator in this iconic center. Khnum created the universe on his potters wheel. He moulded everything from pottery - other gods, people (Egyptians and foreigners as well), animals, birds, fish, reptiles and plants. He paid special attention to shaping human body, let the blood run on bones and cover whole body with skin carefully. He cared about respiratory and digestive system, vertebras and genitalia installation as well. Then he ensured mankind preservation by conception and work supervision.
Myth about creation from Hermopolis Magna
This myth focuses on elements at first, which are inevitably necessary for creation. Elementary factors were arranged to four pairs:
- primeval water (Nun and Naunet)
- air or power (Amun and Amaunet)
- darkness (Kuk and Kauket)
- shapelessness of eternity
translated also as flooding power (Heh and Hauhet). This divine personification of basic elements of world are called Ogdoad (Khemen in Egyptian). All four gods had frog's heads while the four goddesses had the heads of serpents. In certain moment these four elements merged and by a swift energy release the creation passed off.