Egyptian myths about creation

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Several myths about world creation from ancient Egypt preserved to these days. Every bigger religious centre had its own theory about creation, the differences were in creator, who was self-born and at first he created other gods and goddesses and then the mankind. Single deities in the stories are connected to geographical areas where the myths developed. It is not possible to define which of the myths was the most widespread in its times.

Myth about creation from Memphis

Ptah was self-born creator, who was called "Father of gods, whom all the life germinated of". Ptah created the universe via all its aspects projection to his heart and then expressed his ideas aloud. At first he created other gods and then the cities with sanctuaries, where they began to live. He provided wooden, earthen and rocky statues as bodies for the spirit or divine power (ka) of these gods and arranged sacrifices for them forever. All the things and people developed when Ptah just pronounced their names.

complete myth

Myth about creation from Elephantine

Khnum, the god with the head of a ram from south cataract area, was considered as the creator in this iconic center. Khnum created the universe on his potters wheel. He moulded everything from pottery - other gods, people (Egyptians and foreigners as well), animals, birds, fish, reptiles and plants. He paid special attention to shaping human body, let the blood run on bones and cover whole body with skin carefully. He cared about respiratory and digestive system, vertebras and genitalia installation as well. Then he ensured mankind preservation by conception and work supervision.

complete myth

Myth about creation from Hermopolis Magna

This myth focuses on elements at first, which are inevitably necessary for creation. Elementary factors were arranged to four pairs:

  • primeval water (Nun and Naunet)
  • air or power (Amun and Amaunet)
  • darkness (Kuk and Kauket)
  • shapelessness of eternity

translated also as flooding power (Heh and Hauhet). This divine personification of basic elements of world are called Ogdoad (Khemen in Egyptian). All four gods had frog's heads while the four goddesses had the heads of serpents. In certain moment these four elements merged and by a swift energy release the creation passed off.

complete myth


Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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