Chentkaus I. and her tomb

Written by Sonja Hanousková on .

Chentkaus's tomb is put together from two levels with almost square base and made of limestone and granite. Walls gradient is 74°. That is the reason why the tomb reminds bevel vertical pyramid. The interesting fact is that the west wall was decorated by niche Đ motif of early dynastic period.

The first level is made of granite, the second one is made of limestone. The second level looks like sarcophagus and is not square, but rectangle form. Now we face the assumption of the second level of the tomb. The second level was built probably later than the first one, because it does not stand over the centre of the original building, but it moves to the west side. Whole surface of the tomb was put from limestone.

Interier Chentkausus tomb

For the first opportunity we bring the facts about the first level of the tomb. Three chambers for burial purposes were situated on the south west. The egyptologists went in through the archway made of the beautiful red granite. On the archway's surface was discovered the hieroglyphs, queen's cartouche and little Chentkaus's figure. This amazing fragments were discovered in the excavations in 30th years of 20 century. The integral constituent is connected with sham doors. Surface of this doors was decorated by burial banquet with Chentkaus's cartouche and name of queen's mother.

The interesting external elements of the tomb

One of the interesting external elements is narrow hole for burial ship which is situated on the southwestern foot of the tomb and she is oriented from east to west. On the other hand on northeastern corner of the tomb is situated reservoir for rainwater which could be used for ritual purposes. Nearby existed the priestly habitation too. The habitation was built in L word and it was directed at Menkaure's temple.

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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