After Ptolemy V's death, his underage son Ptolemy VI. Philometor came to the throne, whom his guardians ruled in Alexandria instead.
The sixth Syrian war
The sixth Syrian war broke out between Egypt and Syria at the time of the third Macedonian war, which was led by the Romans against Perseus. Antiochus IV. (brother of Cleopatra I, the widow of the King) invaded Egypt. Egyptian envoys set out to the Roman Senate then and they achieved the intervention of the Romans, who forced Antiochus IV. out of Egypt.
Ptolemy VI. ruled in Egypt with his sister and wife Cleopatra II then. His brother reigned over Cyrene, but he wasn't satisfied with it and demanded to entrust the Cyprus to him at the Roman Senate. The Senate granted the request of the younger Ptolemy, but Ptolemy VI. refused to give him the Cyprus.
The Roman Senate provided the younger Ptolemy with 5 envoys, who transported him to Cyprus on war ships. But Ptolemy VI. nevertheless captured his brother. On the other hand he acted indulgently to him, let him keep Cyrene administration and promised him to marry him off with his daughter Cleopatra III.
|Cleopatra II||Cleopatra III|
Ptolemy VI. Philometor