Ptolemy V. Epiphanes

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Ptolemy V. Epiphanes

Ptolemy V. Epiphanes came to the throne at the age of 5 years in 204 BC. This situation was used by the Syrian King Antiochus III. and King Philip V. of Macedon, who divided the Egyptian dependencies in Asia Minor (Anatolia) and in the Aegean Sea. The guardians of the young King turned to Rome with a request, because Rome became the strongest state in the Mediterranean after the defeat of Carthage in the second Punic war.

The fifth Syrian war

The Seleucid army broke into the Palestina territory right at the beginning of the fifth Syrian war (202 – 195 BC). The army had to retreat temporarily, but after Antiochus' arrival, who fought against the Pergamon King Attalus I in Anatolia in the meantime, they gained the decisive victory. Southern Syria, Phoenicia and major part of Palestina became parts of the Syrian Empire.

Ptolemy V. Epiphanes continued in traditional Ptolemaic support of the Greeks, who were in opposition to the Macedonia. He provided financial means and ships to the Achaean League. It seems that the Egyptians counted on a new war against Antiochus and tried to gain mercenaries for it in Greece. But the fight didn't happen and Ptolemy V. was poisoned in 180 BC. The situation in Egypt after his death was similar to the one after his coming to the throne.

Ptolemy V Epiphanes

Ptolemy V. Epiphanes

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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