Ptolemy V. Epiphanes

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Ptolemy V. Epiphanes

Ptolemy V. Epiphanes came to the throne at the age of 5 years in 204 BC. This situation was used by the Syrian King Antiochus III. and King Philip V. of Macedon, who divided the Egyptian dependencies in Asia Minor (Anatolia) and in the Aegean Sea. The guardians of the young King turned to Rome with a request, because Rome became the strongest state in the Mediterranean after the defeat of Carthage in the second Punic war.

The fifth Syrian war

The Seleucid army broke into the Palestina territory right at the beginning of the fifth Syrian war (202 – 195 BC). The army had to retreat temporarily, but after Antiochus' arrival, who fought against the Pergamon King Attalus I in Anatolia in the meantime, they gained the decisive victory. Southern Syria, Phoenicia and major part of Palestina became parts of the Syrian Empire.

Ptolemy V. Epiphanes continued in traditional Ptolemaic support of the Greeks, who were in opposition to the Macedonia. He provided financial means and ships to the Achaean League. It seems that the Egyptians counted on a new war against Antiochus and tried to gain mercenaries for it in Greece. But the fight didn't happen and Ptolemy V. was poisoned in 180 BC. The situation in Egypt after his death was similar to the one after his coming to the throne.

Ptolemy V Epiphanes

Ptolemy V. Epiphanes

Ptolemy III. Euergetes

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Ptolemy III. Euergetes

Ptolemy III. Euergetes made a contribution to the greatest expansion of Egypt. His father Ptolemy II. made two wars on Syria and the third Syrian war burst out under Ptolemy III's rule because of another Berenice – it was Ptolemy II's own sister that time.

The Syrian King Antiochus II. divorced his wife (and cousin) Laodice and married just this Berenice. But he made his peace with the ex-wife and established their son Seleucus II. as his successor before his death. So the son of him and Berenice was excluded out of the successorship. Ptolemy III. gave the fleet to Berenice to have the use of it, which had its base on Cyprus. Then he set out to the northern Syria with his fleet, where he occupied the port Seleucia and went on into the capital of Seleucid dynasty – Antioch.

Ptolemy III. penetrated up into Babylonia, but the followers of Laodice murdered Berenice and her son as well in the meantime. Ptolemy III. had to return to Egypt, because an uprising against taxes rise burst out there, but he returned with big booty and ensured his position in the northern Syria, Cilicia, Caria, in Ionic cities on the western coast of Asia Minor and even on the European coast of Hellespont.

Ptolemy III. devoted to Empire's internal affairs after his return from the war. He made several non-violent administrative and financial reforms, made the conditions for both the old and the new Greek residents more favourable and reserved a special district for Jewish immigrants in Alexandria. Ptolemy III supported the trade, crafts and mining. He also let build many temples and public buidings and found settlements at the Red Sea as well.

Ptolemy III. Euergetes

Ptolemy III. Euergetes

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

Here could be your ad