Pharaohs 19th dynasty, 1292 - 1186 BC

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Horemheb, the last Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, didn't have an inheritor, so he appointed another general as his successor, who came to the throne under the name Ramesses I., who became the founder of the 19th dynasty. He managed to consolidate the position of the new dynasty, but bigger boom came to Egypt under the reign of his son Seti I. and his grandson Ramesses II.

The long reign of Ramesses II. (66 years) ended with his death in 1,212 BC and it marked the end of a period of prosperity and boom in Egypt. Merenptah, the thirteenth son of Ramesses II, came to the throne, who was about 60 at that time. Mereptah succeded in preserving the prestige of Egypt, but the position of superpowers was shaken by the great moving of Indo-European nations at the end of 2nd millennium BC.

Pharaoh Reign Significant events
Ramesses I 2 years  strengthening the position of new dynasty
Seti I 14 years  beginning of building the so-called Great Hypostyle Hall in Karnak
 and the temple in Abydos
Ramesses II 66 years  building the temple in Abu Simbel; battle of Kadesh
Merenptah 9 years  
Seti II 5 years  
Amenmesse 3 years  
Siptah 6 years  
Twosret 2 years  

19th dynasty

Pharaohs 18th dynasty, 1543 - 1292 BC

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

The New Kingdom period was the beginning of Egypt’s reunion. The founder of the 18th dynasty Ahmose I. banished the Hyksos out of Egypt, defeated the Nubians and gained back the territory captured for Egypt by Pharaohs of the 12th dynasty. Amenhotep I. followed his father, who had built a large number of temples. Also others Pharaohs of the New Kingdom - Thutmose I. and Thutmose II. continued in consolidation of the power of ancient Egypt.

Thutmose III., son of deceased Thutmose II., and his minor wife were appointed as successors of Thutmose II. But Thutmose III. wasn't old enough, so his step-mother Hatshepsut became a regent. But her regency became a real reign very quickly and it lasted for 22 years. Thutmose III. came to the throne after her death. He became one of the most significant warriors of ancient Egypt. To avoid problems with succession, he established his son Amenhotep II. as a co-ruler and all Pharaohs of the 18th and 19th dynasty continued in this way of reign then.

Pharaoh Reign Significant events
Ahmose I 25 years  definitive banishing of the Hyksos out of Egypt
Amenhotep I 21 years  
Thutmose I 12 years  the first tomb in the Valley of the Kings
Thutmose II 3 years  the Kassites occupies Babylonia
Hatshepsut 22 years  Senenmut builds Deir el-Bahari
Thutmose III 52 years  flourishing of Mycenaean civilization
Amenhotep II 25 years  
Thutmose IV 10 years  palace in Knossos destruction
Amenhotep III 38 years  the Hittites conquer Mitanni
Amenhotep IV 17 years  so-called Amarna letters
Tutankhamun 9 years  
Ay 3 years  
Horemheb 30 years  beginning of destroying the sights connected with Atenism

18th dynasty

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

Here could be your ad