Written by Felgr Pavel on .


The downfall of the 4th dynasty and the start of the 5th dynasty is one of the most complicated historical problem of the Old Kingdom. Queen Khentkaus I - a daughter of the Pharaoh Menkaure played a significant role at that time. When the mail royal stem died off in male tail, she was the one who became a royal mother and a connecting link between the 4th dynasty and solar kings. Rulers of the 5th dynasty are sometimes called with this name.

Her son Userkaf was the first Pharaoh of the 5th dynasty. He usurped the throne of the king Shepseskaf. The title "son of Ra" was on its top under his rule, this title became a part and parcel of king's titling.

Userkaf founded the first sun temple right in Memphis' necropolis. Its name was Nekhen of Ra and it was placed at recent village Abusir on a pretty distant place then. It is one of two discovered sun temples.



Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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