Sneferu and his pyramids

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

We don't know why just Dahshur was the favourite place of Sneferu, but he wanted his tomb right there, several kilometers to the south from Saqqara. This pyramid is called Bent pyramid and it was the very first non-level pyramid. The angle inclination of the walls changes steeply around the half of its height.

Bent pyramid

Original inclination was too steep (over 58°), probably because of not enough solid subsoil, which was not solid rock. The builders decided to change the inclination and decrease the arch load because of walls dismounting and cracks in the upper chamber, which appeared inspite of struts. So the inclination changed to 43°22' at an approximate height of 50 meters above the ground.

Even then the pyramid didn't seem safe to Sneferu's advisers. According to time data the finishing work on Bent pyramid ran at the same time as the start of Meidum pyramid alterations. The final decision was to begin with the third pyramid construction, approximately 2 kilometers to the north from Bent pyramid.

Red pyramid

The builder preserved the inclination of 43°22' this time and constructed the first genuine pyramid with smooth walls, which was a predecessor of great pyramids in Giza. White limestone used for facing the pyramid disappeared as time went on and reddish stone appeared, that originated from a nearby quarry. That's why this pyramid is called Red pyramid. Sneferu was buried in this pyramid in the end.

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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