Written by Felgr Pavel on .


Sahure was a son of Userkaf and likely Khentkaus I. It was the first case in Egypt history, when a Pharaoh married his mother (these marriages between relatives were very frequent under Ptolemaic dynasty rule).

Sahure consolidated the inner conditions in Egypt and made the state administration more effective. He did crusades, especially into Libya, Sinai and Nubia - the purpose was to get slaves, mines, livestock and even beauties for the royal harem. Under his rule copper ore and turquoise were mined in Wadi Maghareh on Sinai, diorite in mines in Abu Simbel, cedarwood was imported from Byblos and he even sent an expedition into mysterious Land of Punt.

Sahure founded a royal necropolis at Abusir, where he built a pyramidal complex near by Userkaf's Sun temple. The rich embossed decoration of this complex is the top of embossed art in Old Kingdom. We know from contemporary written sources, that Sahure built a sun temple as well, but it wasn't found yet.



Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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