Best known dynasties of the Old Kingdom is undoubtedly the fourth dynasty. It was a great dynasty pyramid builders. The first pharaoh of this dynasty was Sneferu, who had built pyramids at Dahshur pyramid and completed his father Huni.
His son Khufu (Cheops in Greek) is known for the extensive and beautiful Great pyramid with smooth walls, which had over twenty years to build on a rocky plateau of Giza, Cairo suburb today. A succession to after Chufevovi by the now outdated view vied various branches of the royal family.
This fight should take the form of assassination of the heir Kuab his brother, the late king Djedefre. He was later also killed Khafre, builder of the Great Sphinx Giza. Chafre avenge his brother, became pharaoh and builder of the second pyramid at Giza. According to current theories, however Radžedefův brother died prematurely while, but a natural death.
Dynasty rich in magnificent architectural work ends the reign of Menkaurea, builder of the third Giza pyramids and Shepseskaf.
|4th dynasty (2,723 - 2,563 BC)|
|Sneferu||24 years||"real" pyramids of Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure in Giza|
|Khufu||23 years||crusades to Sinai, Nubia ane Libya|
|Nebka (Sanakht) (?)|
|Thamphthis (?)||2 years|