Pharaohs 4th dynasty, 2723 - 2563 BC

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Best known dynasties of the Old Kingdom is undoubtedly the fourth dynasty. It was a great dynasty pyramid builders. The first pharaoh of this dynasty was Sneferu, who had built pyramids at Dahshur pyramid and completed his father Huni.

His son Khufu (Cheops in Greek) is known for the extensive and beautiful Great pyramid with smooth walls, which had over twenty years to build on a rocky plateau of Giza, Cairo suburb today. A succession to after Chufevovi by the now outdated view vied various branches of the royal family.

This fight should take the form of assassination of the heir Kuab his brother, the late king Djedefre. He was later also killed Khafre, builder of the Great Sphinx Giza. Chafre avenge his brother, became pharaoh and builder of the second pyramid at Giza. According to current theories, however Radžedefův brother died prematurely while, but a natural death.

Dynasty rich in magnificent architectural work ends the reign of Menkaurea, builder of the third Giza pyramids and Shepseskaf.

Pharaoh Reign Significant events
4th dynasty (2,723 - 2,563 BC)
Sneferu 24 years "real" pyramids of Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure in Giza
Khufu 23 years crusades to Sinai, Nubia ane Libya
Djedefre 8 years  
Khafre 25 years  
Nebka (Sanakht) (?)    
Menkaure 28 years  
Shepseskaf 4 years  
Thamphthis (?) 2 years  

3th and 4th dynasty

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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