Menkaure came to the throne in 2490 BC after a short rule of the Pharaoh Baka (the last legitimate successor of Sneferu). Menkaure inherited a kingdom weaken from the inside and drained because of expensive monumental tombs of his predeccessors, but also because of folk uprising and religious and dynasty fights. Also the royal power lost its status, therefore he had to renew the previous position of the Pharaoh - God after his coming to the throne.
Pyramid of Menkaure "Divine is Menkaure" far smaller than his predeccessors. It is of less quality, but according to some reports it was the most beautiful pyramid in the whole necropolis. It consisted of 2 types of facing, the first 15 meters were made of red Aswan granite and the upper portion was cased with white limestone. The original facing was preserved till 16th century.
The pyramid of Menkaure occupied the area of scant ¼ of Khafre's pyramid in comparison with previous pyramids, it means 1.179 ha. Menkaure's pyramid is situated to the north-south, the lenght of original sides is 108.61 meters and doesn't vary much from recent 104.6 meters. Its original height wasn't far higher neither - original height was 66.45 meters against recent 62.18 meters. The top of the pyramid seems to be cut off, analogous to the neighbouring pyramids. Its angle of wall incline is 51º 20".
The mortuary temple pyramids Menkaurea
The complex in the pyramid's surroundings was built in 2 phases. Limestone was used in the first phase (Menkaure was still alive at that time) and dried bricks were used in the second one (finished by Shepseskaf). The chantry temple didn't adjoin to the pyramid and was finished hurriedly. Remains of a chapel built under Shepseskaf rule are situated between it and the pyramid. He also let build a covered ramp, which didn't go out of the chantry temple interior as usual. The temple was settled in the past and under the 5th dynasty rule it was damaged seriously with stormwater.
Menkaure and his wife