Menkaure

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Menkaure

Menkaure came to the throne in 2490 BC after a short rule of the Pharaoh Baka (the last legitimate successor of Sneferu). Menkaure inherited a kingdom weaken from the inside and drained because of expensive monumental tombs of his predeccessors, but also because of folk uprising and religious and dynasty fights. Also the royal power lost its status, therefore he had to renew the previous position of the Pharaoh - God after his coming to the throne.

Menkaure's pyramid

Pyramid of Menkaure "Divine is Menkaure" far smaller than his predeccessors. It is of less quality, but according to some reports it was the most beautiful pyramid in the whole necropolis. It consisted of 2 types of facing, the first 15 meters were made of red Aswan granite and the upper portion was cased with white limestone. The original facing was preserved till 16th century.

The pyramid of Menkaure occupied the area of scant ¼ of Khafre's pyramid in comparison with previous pyramids, it means 1.179 ha. Menkaure's pyramid is situated to the north-south,  the lenght of original sides is 108.61 meters and doesn't vary much from recent 104.6 meters. Its original height wasn't far higher neither - original height was 66.45 meters against recent 62.18 meters. The top of the pyramid seems to be cut off, analogous to the neighbouring pyramids. Its angle of wall incline is 51º 20".

The mortuary temple pyramids Menkaurea

The complex in the pyramid's surroundings was built in 2 phases. Limestone was used in the first phase (Menkaure was still alive at that time) and dried bricks were used in the second one (finished by Shepseskaf). The chantry temple didn't adjoin to the pyramid and was finished hurriedly. Remains of a chapel built under Shepseskaf rule are situated between it and the pyramid. He also let build a covered ramp, which didn't go out of the chantry temple interior as usual. The temple was settled in the past and under the 5th dynasty rule it was damaged seriously with stormwater.

Menkaure and his wife

Menkaure and his wife

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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