Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Huni (King Hu) is considered the last king of the 3rd dynasty. He is placed right in front of Sneferu on Turin King List, who was the founder of the 4th dynasty. He might rule for 24 years according to this list, but there's no evidence for it today.

Huni (King Hu) was apparently the first Pharaoh, who began with writing his name in cartouche - an oval, that symbolized an endless rule of a Pharaoh and Gods. It became a tradition later, till the Roman period, so it had lasted for almost 3,000 years.

We have most information about the end of the 3rd period from the tomb of Huni's state official. In this period a big economical advance in property relations is visible compared with the traditions of the first three dynasties. Till the period of Huni, the Pharaoh was the only owner of the land and everything in it, but it turns out, that even common people (even if in high positions) could own large legal-acquired property at the end of the 3rd dynasty.

Král Hu   Hunej   Huni
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Král Hu

Hunejova pyramida Hunejova pyramida

Two pyramids of the pharaohs.

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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