Thutmose IV.

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Thutmose IV. ruled in 1,397 – 1,388 BC. His royal name was Menkheperure, but Greek authors called him Thutmosis. Amenhotep II. was his father and one of the royal harem members was his mother. As a matter of fact he wasn't a legitimate inheritor and came to the throne only thanks to a „divine intervention“.

Thutmose IV. - pharaoh by Sphinx

When Thutmose as a little boy played at lions and other beasts hunting in the area of today's Giza, he stopped at the statue of god Hor-em-akhet (the Great Sphinx) covered with sand. The sun reached its top and young prince fell asleep. Thutmose IV. dreamed about the God, who was talking to him. The God promised him a realm on Earth, the white and the red crown of Egypt. In return for it he wanted to be excavated and cleaned, because the sand of desert oppressed him.

This story is written on a wonderful granite stele, which Thutmose let done in the first year of his reign: "Look at me, observe me, my son Thutmose! I am you father and I shall give to you the kingship upon the land. You will wear both the white and the red crown on the throne of God of the Earth - Geb. All fruits of both Lands will be yours, as well as all charges from foreign countries. Behold, my condition is like one in illness, all my limbs being ruined, the sand of the desert, upon which I used to be, confronts me. It is in order to cause that you do what is in my heart that I have waited.

His father Amenhotep II. didn't have any trouble with maintaining the kingdom, but Thutmose IV. had to try really hard to hold the kingdom together. Thutmose IV. resided in Thebes (Waset) and rather used defensive politics than politics of conquest.

Thutmose IV. had to face the attempts to liberate the conquered areas and on the top of that the attacks of neighbouring Hittites grew stronger. Thutmose IV. counted on his army, but he also tried to use the diplomacy more often. He tried to make an alliance with Mitanni and offered to Artatama I, the king of Mitanni, to marry one of his daughters. But Thutmose IV. had to repeat this offer seven times until Artatama accepted it.

Thutmose IV. with mother

Thutmose IV. with mother

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

Here could be your ad