Ramesses III. – a conspiracy on Pharaoh's court

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

There were more conspiracies on Pharaoh's court. One of them was prepared by a minor Pharaoh's wife Tiye. She wanted to prevent Ramesses Iv from coming to the throne, because she wanted to get the throne for her son Pentaweret. She won over most of harem women and Binemwese - the captain of Nubian archers, using promises, jewels and various privileges. The conspirators bribed six wives of "Gate guards" – their task was to give information from harem dwellers appealing to general rebellion against the Pharaoh. But the conspiracy was revealed and its authors were arrested and put on trial.

Extraordinary trial

The situation was really serious, because all accused came from a close circle of the Pharaoh and some of them were even high dignitaries. Ramesses III. didn't investigate himself, but he established an extraordinary trial, which investigated and interrogate before the the session of the court. The main authority of this trial was to inflict punishments and ensure their execution, capital punishment included (only the Pharaoh could decide it under common circumstances).

Merciless punishments

About 40 accused were brought to trial gradually in groups. Tiye and 28 conspirators were condemned to death in the first trial. Other 6 conspirators had to commit suicide publicly in front of the whole nation as it was decided in the second trial. The third trial was with other 4 conspirators, Pentaweret himself included, who had the privilege to commit suicide in private.

Main authors of the conspiracy

Name of a conspirator Post
Pebekkamen chief of chamber
Mesedsure Royal butler
Weren Royal butler
Peluka Royal butler
Yenini, the Libyan Royal butler
Pebes Royal butler
Pendua Harem scribe
Peynok Harem inspector
Petewnteamon Harem inspector
Kerpes Harem inspector
Khamopet Harem inspector
Khammale Harem inspector
Setimperthoth Harem inspector
Setimperamon Harem inspector
Pere Palace superior
Binemwese Captain of the archers from Kush

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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