Ramesses I.

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Ramesses I., with original name Paramessu, was the first Egyptian Pharaoh of the 19th dynasty. He ruled approximately in 1,292 – 1,290 BC and he came to the throne after death of Horemheb, the last Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty.

Ramesses I. was originally an army officer (as well as his predecessor Horemheb), where he served at the time of the last kings of the 18th dynasty. He was in the east for most of his life, where he fight about keeping the dependencies of Egypt.

Joint government with Sethi I.

Ramesses I came to throne as an old man and he accepted the name Menpehtyre at the coronation. He accepted ruling together with his son Seti I. immediately in the beginning of his rule. He continued in reforms his predecessor Horemheb began with. These reforms mainly concerned the army that was divided to independent forces, which were named after one main god – so the force of Amun, force of Ra, force of Seth and later force of Ptah originated.

A special troop with martial carriages was at every force's disposal. Ramesses I. integrated the Libyan and Nubian troops into the army, originally these were only auxiliary troops that fought for the pay. Their members also gained the same rights as the Egyptians. Ramesses I also let create an elite garda for protection and escort of the ruler. Ramesses I markedly strengthened the military power and force of Egypt with all of these reforms.

Ramesses I.

Ramesses I.

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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