Ramesses I., with original name Paramessu, was the first Egyptian Pharaoh of the 19th dynasty. He ruled approximately in 1,292 – 1,290 BC and he came to the throne after death of Horemheb, the last Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty.
Ramesses I. was originally an army officer (as well as his predecessor Horemheb), where he served at the time of the last kings of the 18th dynasty. He was in the east for most of his life, where he fight about keeping the dependencies of Egypt.
Joint government with Sethi I.
Ramesses I came to throne as an old man and he accepted the name Menpehtyre at the coronation. He accepted ruling together with his son Seti I. immediately in the beginning of his rule. He continued in reforms his predecessor Horemheb began with. These reforms mainly concerned the army that was divided to independent forces, which were named after one main god – so the force of Amun, force of Ra, force of Seth and later force of Ptah originated.
A special troop with martial carriages was at every force's disposal. Ramesses I. integrated the Libyan and Nubian troops into the army, originally these were only auxiliary troops that fought for the pay. Their members also gained the same rights as the Egyptians. Ramesses I also let create an elite garda for protection and escort of the ruler. Ramesses I markedly strengthened the military power and force of Egypt with all of these reforms.