Ramesse II. decided to found a new capital near the borders with Asia because of vastness of Egypt. The city was named Pi-Ramesses - House of Ramesses - and also got a nickname "turquoise city". Pi-Ramesses became one of the largest residences, because it extended on area of almost 10km2 in the north-eastern delta in surroudings of today's towns Tell el-Dab'a and Qantir.
Pi-Ramesses was divided into four city parts, which were named after gods - the west part after Amun, the eastern part after Astarte, the northern part after local goddess Wadjet and the southern part was rebuilded from elder centre of Seth cult in Chataana. The begining of this city datad from the Hyksos period.
Pi-Ramesses - the construction of a new city
Ramesse II. asked his architect Maje, who was a significant soldier as well, to undertake the work connected with the new capital construction. The ruler wanted "hiso" city to be the most beautiful and the most sumptuous city in the whole kingdom. So Maje let import granite for obelisks building from faraway Aswan. The work went quite smoothly and an sumptuous city was borned during several years.
There were houses, villas, gardens, temples, administrative buildings, crafts quarters and also barracks in Pi-Ramesses - the barracks were one of the most important quarters in the city. Both land and marine army were located there and Ramesse II went to the battle of Kadesh from Pi-Ramesses. The city and harbour were built on a joint of 2 arms of the Nile - the western one and the eastern one. So the new capital was protected with water wall, it was easily accessible from the Mediterranean Sea and large docks were placed there.
Pi-Ramesses - a pompous palace of Ramesses II
This palace served as a residence at the time of Ramesses II. predecessors - Ramesses I. and Seti I. Ramesse II wanted the construction to be the most beautiful building in whole Egypt. A row of ceremonial halls and private chambers were placed there. There was a great piling hall in the main part of the palace, whose pillars were blue and white. A wide corridor came out of it in the south direction, which led into the throne hall that had white walls and coloured mosaics on the floor. The golden throne stood on a platform and was protected with canopy, which was decorated with motives of defeated enemies.
Ramesse II. took pleasure in luxury. All subjects were made by eminent artists from Pi-Ramesses and Thebes (Waset). The armchairs, chairs and chests were richly decorated and little containers for ointments came from the best glass-workshops in the city.
Royal gardeners took care of the gardens around the palace and the artificial ponds that permanently smelled heady. The ponds with Nile water were full of white and blue lotus flowers. Vegetable gardens and vineyards yielded the most delicious fruits. Wine from Pi-Ramesses was famous for its smoothness and honey flavour.