Pi-Ramesses - new capital Ramesses II.

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Ramesse II. decided to found a new capital near the borders with Asia because of vastness of Egypt. The city was named Pi-Ramesses - House of Ramesses - and also got a nickname "turquoise city". Pi-Ramesses became one of the largest residences, because it extended on area of almost 10km2 in the north-eastern delta in surroudings of today's towns Tell el-Dab'a and Qantir.

Pi-Ramesses was divided into four city parts, which were named after gods - the west part after Amun, the eastern part after Astarte, the northern part after local goddess Wadjet and the southern part was rebuilded from elder centre of Seth cult in Chataana. The begining of this city datad from the Hyksos period.

Pi-Ramesses - the construction of a new city 

Ramesse II. asked his architect Maje, who was a significant soldier as well, to undertake the work connected with the new capital construction. The ruler wanted "hiso" city to be the most beautiful and the most sumptuous city in the whole kingdom. So Maje let import granite for obelisks building from faraway Aswan. The work went quite smoothly and an sumptuous city was borned during several years.

There were houses, villas, gardens, temples, administrative buildings, crafts quarters and also barracks in Pi-Ramesses - the barracks were one of the most important quarters in the city. Both land and marine army were located there and Ramesse II went to the battle of Kadesh from Pi-Ramesses. The city and harbour were built on a joint of 2 arms of the Nile - the western one and the eastern one. So the new capital was protected with water wall, it was easily accessible from the Mediterranean Sea and large docks were placed there.

Pi-Ramesses - a pompous palace of Ramesses II

This palace served as a residence at the time of Ramesses II. predecessors - Ramesses I. and Seti I. Ramesse II wanted the construction to be the most beautiful building in whole Egypt. A row of ceremonial halls and private chambers were placed there. There was a great piling hall in the main part of the palace, whose pillars were blue and white. A wide corridor came out of it in the south direction, which led into the throne hall that had white walls and coloured mosaics on the floor. The golden throne stood on a platform and was protected with canopy, which was decorated with motives of defeated enemies.

Pi-RamessesRamesse II. took pleasure in luxury. All subjects were made by eminent artists from Pi-Ramesses and Thebes (Waset). The armchairs, chairs and chests were richly decorated and little containers for ointments came from the best glass-workshops in the city.

Royal gardeners took care of the gardens around the palace and the artificial ponds that permanently smelled heady. The ponds with Nile water were full of white and blue lotus flowers. Vegetable gardens and vineyards yielded the most delicious fruits. Wine from Pi-Ramesses was famous for its smoothness and honey flavour.

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

Here could be your ad