Pharaohs 19th dynasty, 1292 - 1186 BC

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Horemheb, the last Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, didn't have an inheritor, so he appointed another general as his successor, who came to the throne under the name Ramesses I., who became the founder of the 19th dynasty. He managed to consolidate the position of the new dynasty, but bigger boom came to Egypt under the reign of his son Seti I. and his grandson Ramesses II.

The long reign of Ramesses II. (66 years) ended with his death in 1,212 BC and it marked the end of a period of prosperity and boom in Egypt. Merenptah, the thirteenth son of Ramesses II, came to the throne, who was about 60 at that time. Mereptah succeded in preserving the prestige of Egypt, but the position of superpowers was shaken by the great moving of Indo-European nations at the end of 2nd millennium BC.

Pharaoh Reign Significant events
Ramesses I 2 years  strengthening the position of new dynasty
Seti I 14 years  beginning of building the so-called Great Hypostyle Hall in Karnak
 and the temple in Abydos
Ramesses II 66 years  building the temple in Abu Simbel; battle of Kadesh
Merenptah 9 years  
Seti II 5 years  
Amenmesse 3 years  
Siptah 6 years  
Twosret 2 years  

19th dynasty

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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