Nefertari - "She, whom the sun is shining for"

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Nefertari and Ramesses II were the most romantic pair of entire Egyptian history. They were a symbol of the Kingdom for twenty years, which was on the top of its development.

Ramesses II. was surrounded with loving women from childhood. When he was ten, his father Seti I. set harem for him - women who took care of him. Ramesses II had several main - so-called Great Royal Wives during his reign. But none of these wives could compete with Nefertari.

Wedding Ramesses and Nefertari

Ramesse II. married Nefertari in the beginning of his reign. Nefertari accompanied her husband to the funeral of his father Seti I. in Thebes (Waset) in the Valley of the Kings. Her raised cheekbones and almond-shaped eyes enchanted Ramesse II. completely and they are also a proof of Nefertari's foreign origin. But where she came from isn't clear up to now. One theory says that this princess likely came from Nubia, another theory talks about a family of high officials from Thebes (waset).

Ramesses II. loved his wife Nefertari measurelessly, she took part in all big event of his reign and she remained his first wife till her death. Ramesses II. already began with building a tomb for Nefertari in the Valley of the Queens in first years of his reign.

Political role Nefertari 

NefertariSome of her titles ("Lady of the Two Lands", "Lady of all Lands", "Beloved by Gods"), which were usually appointed to the Pharaoh, prove that Nefertari had very significant political position.

Nefertari belongs among strong, charismatic and influential queens, who participated in land managing with their husbands. Except Nefertari also Ahmose-Nefertari, Tiye and Nefertiti became such a personality.

Nefertari was valuable advisor to her husband for sure, she supported him at demanding negotiations with the Hittite king, which were finished with signing the first peace treaty in mankind history.

Nefertari died in the 24th year of his husband's reign. It was the moment, when the decorative work started in so-called small temple in Abu Simbel. Her husband dedicated this temple to her. The temple was the last and most tangible homage to beuatiful Nefertari.

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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