Jews' Exodus from Egypt is a significant moment of both Jewish and Christian religion history. The first fifteen chapters of the Book of Exodus tell how Moses liberated his people and enabled them to escape from "slavery". Except the religious significance, the Exodus from Egypt has also a symbolic significance. It shows that everybody must fight for his liberation to regenerate himself.
Moses, the main character of the exodus of the Jews
The Jews were considered as slaves under Seti I and Ramesses II rule. They worked on building towns Pi-Ramesses and Pithom in the Nile Delta in Land of Goshen, where Jacob's family had settled. Moses was brought up as an Egyptian, but he revolted after he saw an Egyptian hitting an Israeli. Moses had to run away then to avoid the justice. He found a sanctuary in Midian in south-eastern Palestina, where he married daughter of priest Jethro - Zipporah. When the Pharaoh died (it was likely Ramesses II), Moses came back to Egypt.
The God took revenge on Merenptah
After his return, Moses and his brother Aaron appeared in front of the Pharaoh (probably Merenptah). Moses asked him for letting his people go in desert, where they would worship their God. The Pharaoh got angry and even aggravated the labour to the Jews. The second attempt of Moses and Aaron wasn't successful either. The God took revenge and inflicted upon Egypt the Plagues of Egypt.
The God didn't led his people "through a way to the Land of Philistines" (this way led along the Mediterranean Sea and was used by armies incursing into Palestina and Syria), but "over the desert to the Red Sea". But the Pharaoh led his army and pursued the Jews.
When the Jews heard the roar of Egyptian carriages and thunder of hooves from afar, the God changed into a pillar of cloud, which blinded their pursuers. When the Jews came to the shore, the God splitted the Red Sea by a swift eastern wind and the refugees crossed over the Sea without dipping between two water walls. When the Egyptians came there, the Sea closed over them and it swallowed them up forever.
Exodus from Egypt