Jews' Exodus

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Jews' Exodus from Egypt is a significant moment of both Jewish and Christian religion history. The first fifteen chapters of the Book of Exodus tell how Moses liberated his people and enabled them to escape from "slavery". Except the religious significance, the Exodus from Egypt has also a symbolic significance. It shows that everybody must fight for his liberation to regenerate himself.

Moses, the main character of the exodus of the Jews

The Jews were considered as slaves under Seti I and Ramesses II rule. They worked on building towns Pi-Ramesses and Pithom in the Nile Delta in Land of Goshen, where Jacob's family had settled. Moses was brought up as an Egyptian, but he revolted after he saw an Egyptian hitting an Israeli. Moses had to run away then to avoid the justice. He found a sanctuary in Midian in south-eastern Palestina, where he married daughter of priest Jethro - Zipporah. When the Pharaoh died (it was likely Ramesses II), Moses came back to Egypt.

The God took revenge on Merenptah

After his return, Moses and his brother Aaron appeared in front of the Pharaoh (probably Merenptah). Moses asked him for letting his people go in desert, where they would worship their God. The Pharaoh got angry and even aggravated the labour to the Jews. The second attempt of Moses and Aaron wasn't successful either. The God took revenge and inflicted upon Egypt the Plagues of Egypt.

The God didn't led his people "through a way to the Land of Philistines" (this way led along the Mediterranean Sea and was used by armies incursing into Palestina and Syria), but "over the desert to the Red Sea". But the Pharaoh led his army and pursued the Jews.

When the Jews heard the roar of Egyptian carriages and thunder of hooves from afar, the God changed into a pillar of cloud, which blinded their pursuers. When the Jews came to the shore, the God splitted the Red Sea by a swift eastern wind and the refugees crossed over the Sea without dipping between two water walls. When the Egyptians came there, the Sea closed over them and it swallowed them up forever.

Exodus from Egypt

Exodus from Egypt

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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