When Thutmose III. ensured the rear because of conquering several harbours in Phoenicia, he began with offensive against Mitanni Kingdom. He went over Syria, got to Euphrates and defeated the enemy in the battle of Megiddo in the end (today's Israel).
Megiddo, the fortress of the Kingdom of Mitanni
Soldieries of Mitanni Kingdom, Kadesh, Canaanites, Syrians and some other smaller rulers centred there in fortress of Megiddo. This fortress was crucial for both sides, because it guarded the main business ways to the north.
Thutmose III. - preparation for battle
The Egyptians could choose one of three possible roads. One road led through a narrow pass, where the moment of surprise could be used, but this road was pretty time-consuming. The other two roads led through open country – one to the north and the other to the south of the town. Thutmose III chose the road through a pass after consultation with generals, which he went through without trouble and stopped in Aruna – the last stop before the battle of Megiddo. Then Thutmose III decided to surround the city from the south, east and north-west and forced the enemy out of this area to Mount Carmel ridge.
Siege of Megiddo
The battle of Megiddo took place the next day. Coalition soldieries were deployed in front of the town. The attack was very quick and raging. The Egyptians coped soon with the enemy and gained a lot of captives and a big booty. But the fortress was still resistant. The siege began that lasted for 7 and sieged people showed big heroism at this time.
The Egyptians builded up a wall around the town to forbid the sieged people any attempt of escape. The fortress was engulfed with famine in the end and the leaders of coalition soldieries appeared in front of Thutmose III also with their children. They handed in a lot of gold, silver, horses, golden and silvery carriages and entire soldierly armour. Thutmose fed them and took them with himself to Egypt.
Thanks to victory in the battle of Megiddo Thutmose III. open the way to the north. He let build a row of fortresses on the Mediterranean coast, which stepped in up to the territory of today's Lebanon. This defensive line was supported by Egyptian flotilla in Syrian harbours.
Model of Megiddo, 1457 BC