Thutmose III – battle of Megiddo

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

When Thutmose III. ensured the rear because of conquering several harbours in Phoenicia, he began with offensive against Mitanni Kingdom. He went over Syria, got to Euphrates and defeated the enemy in the battle of Megiddo in the end (today's Israel).

Megiddo, the fortress of the Kingdom of Mitanni

Soldieries of Mitanni Kingdom, Kadesh, Canaanites, Syrians and some other smaller rulers centred there in fortress of Megiddo. This fortress was crucial for both sides, because it guarded the main business ways to the north.

Thutmose III. - preparation for battle

The Egyptians could choose one of three possible roads. One road led through a narrow pass, where the moment of surprise could be used, but this road was pretty time-consuming. The other two roads led through open country – one to the north and the other to the south of the town. Thutmose III chose the road through a pass after consultation with generals, which he went through without trouble and stopped in Aruna – the last stop before the battle of Megiddo. Then Thutmose III decided to surround the city from the south, east and north-west and forced the enemy out of this area to Mount Carmel ridge.

Siege of Megiddo

The battle of Megiddo took place the next day. Coalition soldieries were deployed in front of the town. The attack was very quick and raging. The Egyptians coped soon with the enemy and gained a lot of captives and a big booty. But the fortress was still resistant. The siege began that lasted for 7 and sieged people showed big heroism at this time.

The Egyptians builded up a wall around the town to forbid the sieged people any attempt of escape. The fortress was engulfed with famine in the end and the leaders of coalition soldieries appeared in front of Thutmose III also with their children. They handed in a lot of gold, silver, horses, golden and silvery carriages and entire soldierly armour. Thutmose fed them and took them with himself to Egypt.

Thanks to victory in the battle of Megiddo Thutmose III. open the way to the north. He let build a row of fortresses on the Mediterranean coast, which stepped in up to the territory of today's Lebanon. This defensive line was supported by Egyptian flotilla in Syrian harbours.

Model of Megiddo, 1457 BC

Model of Megiddo, 1457 BC

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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