Amenhotep III.

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Amenhotep III.

Amenhotep III. was born to Thutmose IV. and Mutemwiya, who was a minor royal wife. He was growing up mostly in Thebes (Waset) and he was only twelve, when he replaces his father on the throne. Amenhotep III. married Tiye two years after his father's death, who is considered as one of the most significant Queens in Egyptian history.

Amenhotep's first and also last campaign took place in Palestina in the fifth year of his reign. Because the peaceable Pharaoh hated the war this campaign had rather preventive character. He could use the dominant position that was gained by his more militant predecessors for Egypt - especially Thutmose III.

Construction activities of Amenhotep III.

There were only few rulers, who let build as many remarkable buildings as Amenhotep III. He let build magnificent temples in Nubia - e.g. Elephantine, Wadi es-Sebuam, Aniba, Kawa or Sesebi. He also beautified the towns Tell Basta and Tell Atrib in the north. He let build a temple sacred to Horus in Heliopolis, started work on Serapeum in Saqqara, let build a "southern harem" of Amun-Ra in Thebes (Waset). Southern harem was a name for a temple complex in Luxor) in antiquity, where 600 statues of the goddess Sekhmet were placed by Amenhotep III. He also let build himself a gorgeous residential palace on the other bank of the Nile and a huge chantry temple.

Amenhotep III. fought with a disease for the whole life, which symptoms are also visible in pictures of the end of his life. Amenhotep dedicated a special respect for the goddess Sekhmet, a merciless lion goddess, who was the master of illnesses and could protect from them as well.  He died in the thirty-nineth year of his reign and the mummy is preserved even if the tomb was robbed under the 21st dynasty rule. It is a mummy of approximately 50 years old man.

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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