Amenhotep II.

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Amenhotep II.

The role of Amenhotep II. wasn't easy, because he replaced his father Thutmose III. on the throne after his death, who was the greatest conqueror in Egyptian history.

Amenhotep II. inherited a large empire that he had to keep from within and protect it against attacks from without. Similarly to other rulers of the 18th dynasty he resided in Thebes (Waset). Amenhotep II. succeeded in keeping the empire almost as large as he gained it.

Amenhotep II. sent 2 campaigns into Asia, where local uprisings were subdued. He was very cruel to the defeated. According to the signs he killed the revolting leaders personally and brought their bodies in the capital, where he let them hang with the head downwards on the walls.

Construction activities of Amenhotep II.

Except the warfare Amenhotep II. also enlarged the Amun's temple in Karnak. But we don't know exactly the original size of buildings in this temple, because their remains are in many various places. Amenhotep II. didn't dedicate only to Karnak.

There are pretty well preserved remains of his temple near Sheikh Abd el-Qurna near a chantry temple of Ramesses II. He also let decorated the goddess Hathor chapel in the temple of Queen Hatshepsut in Deir el-Bahari. Applied art was at high level at the time of Amenhotep II reign.

Pharaoh's tomb

The tomb that Amenhotep II. let build is situated in the Valley of the Kings. There are ten rooms, an entry corridor with three staircases and there is a pylon hall in front of the funereal chamber. The whole tomb is decorated with mural polychrome reliefs. The sarcophagus is made of red sandstone and it is decorated with blue and golden pictures of protective gods and with signs.

 The sarcophagus lies on the same place as 1,000 years ago. The tomb was discovered by a French Egyptologist Victor Loret in 1898. Except Amenhotep II mummy there were also found other royal mummies that were placed there by priestly kings of the 21st dynasty.

Amenhotep II.

Amenhotep II.

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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