Amenhotep I. was the third son of ruler Ahmose I. and his wife Ahmose-Nefertari. His elder brothers died early, so they cleared the way to the throne for Amenhotep. Amenhotep I. ruled in a shadow of his famous father, who freed the Egypt from the Hyksos domination that lasted more than one hundred years.
Amenhotep I. finished his father's reforms during his reign, he ensured the growth of economy and restoration of irrigation system. The metal production and processing reached a big boom as well as the production of lately discovered bronze, the alloy of copper and tin. He let build up again the towns destroyed and plundered by the Hyksos.
Ahhotep II. was the wife of Amenhotep I. and they had the only son Amenemhat, who died at the age of 2. So Amenhotep I. didn't have a single descendant. A military commander Thutmose I. replaced him on the throne after his death.
Tomb of Amenhotep I.
Amenhotep I. was buried near today's Dra' Abu el-Naga'. He also let build himself another tomb in today's Valley of the Kings, but the tomb remained unfinished. The original final resting place of Amenhotep I. is robbed for a long time, but his mummy is preserved. The priestly Pharaohs of the 21st dynasty rescued it, because they let it transferred to a secret hideaway in Deir el-Bahari.
The mummy was discovered by robbers of modern times then, but Gaston Maspero, a French director of the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, tracked them down and placed the mummy of Amenhotep I. in the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities in Cairo.
Mummy of Amenhotep I.