Gods of Egypt - Tefnut, Thoth, Taweret

Written by Felgr Pavel on .



One of Ennead cosmic deity was moisture personification. Her husband (brother) Shu was the sunshine god and Tefnut was associated with the moon.

As well as Shu, goddess Tefnut could considered as "Ra's eye". Then she was depicted with lion head (and was worshipped in Leontopolis) and appeared also as an erected cobra. When she was depicted in human form, she had a sun disc coiled with cobra.


The god od wisdom and scribes Thoth was depicted as a baboon, ibis or a man with ibis head. He was often by important processes such as "Hearts weighing", which was made after dead. He was tightly connected with the moon and therefore he wore a moon disc and crescent on his head.

His cult centre was Hermopolis Magna in Middle Egypt. Only two giant statues preserved to these days, which the pharaoh Amenhotep III. of 18. dynasty let raised. They are built of big quartzite blocks, 4,5 meters high without foundations and each weighs about 35 tons. Thoth was identified with Greek Hermes under the rule of Ptolemaic dynasty.


Goddess Taweret together with dwarf Bes were the most popular household gods. She was embodied as female hippo and both living and dead people called especially for her maternal and protective powers.

bohové starověkého Egypta   Thoth   Taweret
Tefnut   Thoth   Taweret

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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