Gods of Egypt - Min, Mut

Written by Felgr Pavel on .



Fertility god Min was depicted as partly mummified human. His left hand held erected penis, right hand was raised. His typical head decoration was a pair of large feathers. His cult signs were lettuce and an undentified subject, perhaps barbed arrow, shining thunderbolt or a pair of fossilized shells.

God Min was rather ancient god and he was considered as protector of a mining area in Eastern Desert. His main cult centres were Koptos and Akhmin (Panopolis in Greek, because Greeks identified their god Pan with Min). Sometimes he was descripted as Isis' son or her husband and Horus was their son. He was associated with Theban god Amun to New Kingdom period.


Goddess Mut was considered as Amun's wife and Khonsu's mother. This mother goddess was worshipped in Egypt especially in New Kingdom period. Many temples were sacred to her, the most famous is situated in Karnak.

She wore united double crown of Egypt from Lower Egypt red crown and Upper Egypt white crown. Sometimes she wore vulture headdress, whose two wings bordered the face and a bird head was on goddess' forehead.

Goddess Mut was worshipped in Ptah's temple in Memphis (Mennefer) and in one sanctuary in Giza. She was mainly known thanks to her temple in Karnak, which is situated to the south of the great temple of Amun.

    Min   Mut    
    Min   Mut    

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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