Gods of Egypt - Babi, Bast, Bes

Written by Felgr Pavel on .



Egyptians believed, that goddess Babi kills people and lives on their entrails. He was connected with aggresion and manliness - especially manliness the rulers. It was believed, that he could avert serpents' danger, rule the darkness and stormy waters. He was depicted as a baboon.


Goddess Bast was a personification of cunning woman. Bast was depicted as woman or cat and behind her calmness there was hidden unsuspected temperament, which could change her to a dreaded being. Bast was considered as mankind protector.

Originally she was just local deity, protected city Tell Basta situated in north-eastern Delta. Thanks to relationship intensification among single country areas Bast became more popular as "Lady of both countries".

Her first sanctuary was in Tell el-Basta in Old Kingdom period, under the rule of Pepi I., who christened her a chapel. She also had great importance in 22. dynasty period. This dynasty came from this city and they chose it as their residential city.


God Bes was a typical folk dwarf god. He wasn't known too much in Old Kingdom and Middle Kingdom period. People called for his protective power in New Kingdom period but he became full-valued deity and sanctuaries were build for him. God Bes was popular especially among craftsmen in Der el-Medina in New Kingdom period. However first proofs about this dwarf with lion features are pretty controversial.

There are dancing persons on the walls of some graves in 6. dynasty period. They are similar to this god, but the interpretations are not unified because these persons wasn't dwarfs.

  Bast   Bes  
  Bast   Bes  

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

Here could be your ad