Myths about creation from Elephantine

Written by Felgr Pavel on .

Khnum, the god with the head of a ram from south cataract area, was considered as the creator in this iconic center. Khnum created the universe on his potters wheel. He moulded everything from pottery - other gods, people (Egyptians and foreigners as well), animals, birds, fish, reptiles and plants. He paid special attention to shaping human body, let the blood run on bones and cover whole body with skin carefully. He cared about respiratory and digestive system, vertebras and genitalia installation as well. Then he ensured mankind preservation by conception and work supervision.

Myth's background

Elephantine is an island in the middle of Nile river, near Aswan and first cataract by Egypt southern boundary. This place was a big urban settlement in Roman period. It was the main iconic center of Khnum, who was worshipped in a triad with his wife Satet and their daughter Anuket. His female counterpart was a frog goddess Heqet especially associated with childbirth. She was a divine middlewoman at royal births. Khnum created each person on his potter's wheel and she breathed life into them before they were placed in their mother's womb.

The myth about creation from Elephantine is recorded on the walls of an Graeco-Roman temple in Esna in Upper Egypt. Only one hypostyle was preserved from this temple. Ceremonial hymns confirm this myth dedicated to Khnum from his priests. The same theme appears in the myth about monarch's divine birth, where Khnum creates the ruler and his or hers ka from pottery on poterry's wheel.

Temple of Khnum

Temple of Khnum

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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