Lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world that was badly damaged by three earthquakes, will be rebuild nearby its original location.
Dr. Mostafa Amin, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, told Youm7 that at the meeting last week: "members of the Permanent Committee of Egyptian Antiquities have approved an old project, submitted previously by the Alexandria governorate, aiming to revive the lighthouse."
He explained that the committee members agreed on reconstructing the lighthouse on an area of land located a few meters to the southwest of the landmark’s original location. He added that a comprehensive study had been completed and submitted to Alexandria governorate for final approval.
Khourshid Fathy, Greco Roman archeology professor, told The Cairo Post Tuesday that the Lighthouse of Alexandria was badly damaged during a series of earthquakes that hit Alexandria and the Mediterranean area between the 3rd and 12th centuries.
According to Khourshid a "severe earthquake in 1303 caused a huge destruction of the monument before the Mamluk Sultan Qaitbay in 1480 reused the ruins of this monument to construct a fortress (currently standing and bearing his name),on the original location of the Pharos northwest of Alexandria."
Khourshid said that the tower had been built by the Greek architect Sostratus of Cnidus for the purpose of guiding sailors into the harbor and it was completed and inaugurated during the reign of Ptolemy II. Philadelphus.
"The original building consisted of three stages: a lower square section with a central core, a modele octagonal middle section and a circular section at its top," he added. Top of the building used to have a mirror that reflected sunlight during the day, while a fire was lit at night in order to guide ships, said Khourshid.
In 1994, remains of the original building were unearthed on the floor of the sunken part of Alexandria's eastern harbor. With an estimated height of 130 meters (420 feet) the tower was the tallest manmade structure on Earth for many centuries.
Lighthouse of Alexandria