A lost ancient Egyptian city submerged beneath the sea 1,200 years ago is starting to reveal what life was like in the legendary port of Heracleion (Thonis). For centuries Heracleion (named after Hercules) was thought to be only a legend, a city mentioned by Herodotus, visited by Helen of Troy and Paris (Prince of Troy), her lover.
The Step pyramid of the Pharaoh Djoser, the first Pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty, is located in Saqqara. This building is undoubtfully unique; unfortunately it is largely damaged nowadays. The Step pyramid is not being damaged by vandals or tourists, but by restoration works.
The question of just how an ancient civilization – without the help of modern technology – moved the 2.5 ton stones that made up their famed pyramids has long plagued Egyptologists and mechanical engineers alike. But now, a team from the University of Amsterdam believes they've figured it out, even though the solution was staring them in the face all along.
Czech archeologists discovered the tomb of the Queen Khentkaus III, who probably was the wife of Pharaoh Raneferef. Raneferef was a Pharaoh of the 5th dynasty (2,563 – 2,423 BC) and ruled approximately for 7 years. The tomb of the Queen Khentkaus III was revealed in Abusir, where the Czech expedition has been working in the long term. Several pyramids of the 5th dynasty Pharaohs are located in Abusir.