Ancient Egypt - Ancient Egyptian history

From historical point of view Ancient Egypt is the oldest state in the world. It is interesting not only for its numerous monuments (pyramids in Saqqara, pyramids in Abusir, pyramids in Giza, temples in Karnak, temples in Luxor, Ramesseum and many others), that survived the centuries and for today's generation they are silent witnesses of bygone times. Only two centuries sufficed to two different cultures consolidation (southern part - Upper Egypt - and northern part - Lower Egypt).

The south was more powerful in the united Egypt, but the north influenced the structure of social order significantly. That gradually developed unified Egypt, that (like all ancient countries) went through a period of prosperity and downfall as well. Egypt was significantly different from the other states, that were rather urban states for a long time.

Although the unity of Egypt were more of less threatened in some periods, the political and religious structures always ensured an artificial but still a solid balance. The theocratic monarchy was supported by a perfect organization of the government and powerful priests. Only a strong centralized state was able to manage such different regions and their inhabitants with different belief.

We will see the history of ancient Egypt from several points of view, that could you put together a complex image of Egyptian culture. Check here to download the necessary chronological overview of the significant events of ancient Egypt, which brings the events sequence in Egypt and in addition, the comparison of the event in neighbouring world.

Message from the Nile

  • History of Czech institution of egyptology

    The Czech egyptology founder is Frantisek Lexa, the author of up to now evaluated work about ancient Egypt magic and Demotic grammar. Seminar for egyptology started thanks to him in Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague in 1925. Two years later Lexa became the first regular professor of egyptology in then Czechoslovakia.

  • Abusir - outstation of Czech egyptology expedition

    Abusir is an archaeological locality in Egypt named after nearby recent village Abusir. It is situated on western Nile bank on the edge of Libyan tableland approximately 20 kilometers to the south-west of Cairo. The name of this locality is derived from ancient Egypt god Osiris, from Per Usir (Busiris), "(cult) place of Osiris" (Busiris in Greek).

  • Researches in Western desert

    Czech egyptology is successful in researching not only on pyramidal fields in Abusir recently, but also in supporting and organizing smaller expeditions into egyptian Western desert. Czech expedition has been working even in slowly evanescent oasis El-Hajez since 2003, which is situated about 400 km to the south-west from Cairo.

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